Address:
International Energy Initiative,
Asian Regional Energy Initiative,
80-B Spencer Road, 2nd Cross, Fraser Town,
Bangalore 560 005,
India

Telephone:
+91 80 2555 3375

Fax:
+91 80 2555 3375

E-mail:
ieiblr@vsnl.com

  The Asian Regional Energy Initiative of the IEI


India Power Best Practice Network - Integrated Resource Planning Initiative 

The Regulatory Assistance Project (RAP), as part of the Indian Power Sector Best Practice Network (BPN) has asked IEIís Asian Regional Initiative in Bangalore to prepare a series of short written analyses of integrated planning approaches for the power sector.  These approaches are intended, if implemented, to create a future Indian power system that is clean, efficient, affordable, reliable, and universally accessible.

IEI-Bangalore has, over the past two decades, worked on various aspects of integrated resource planning (IRP) Ė from the concept, to its applicability to power sector planning in various states of the country and abroad.  We had drawn up worksheets to facilitate computation, and conducted training workshops [click here] at which these were shown to be easily adaptable to local situations.  These interactions were followed with suggested packages for the implementation of least-cost plans, including replacement and retrofitting of electricity-using devices with alternatives that were more efficient or powered by renewable energy sources.  We had also analysed the applicability of IRP to the power sector as restructuring has been taking place [click here].

We are currently working on a document that describes the concept of IRP and examples of its recent practice.  Countries around the world have programmes devoted to promoting demand-side measures (DSM) and  efficiency improvement, and/or renewable sources of electricity, but there are relatively few cases of integrated energy plans drawn up to bridge the demand-supply gap.  Planning for the power sector -- to the extent that supply- and demand-side options have been juxtaposed, or least-cost principles have been applied, or risk-related optimal portfolios are considered -- will be described.

 

Powering a village sustainably: generating electricity from waste-based biogas

The objective of IEIís approach is to facilitate rural access to sustainable energy services through community enterprises, integrating the use of renewable resources with income/employment generating activities.  We had earlier demonstrated another option of these village-based energy-development enterprises: a dairy was established and biogas from the dairy waste was used to generate biogas that was delivered as cooking fuel to all homes through a mini-grid system; this clean fuel replaced the earlier solid-biomass stove-fuel, and has continued to be supplied, supported by the revenue from the dairy.

Now, an electricity enterprise will be established, in a cluster of rural households.  Electricity will be generated through a biogas-fuelled generator.  It will be supplied through a local distribution system, during agreed-upon hours, for efficient home-lighting, community services, and other purposes, as desired, at tariffs comparable to the grid.  The biogas will be generated from the waste of a local dairy.  The revenue from the sale of milk and biogas-effluents (as manure) will provide the required income to provide for any additional operating costs.  IEI will establish the system and train local people for its operation and maintenance.

The main financial support for the implementation is being obtained from the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy, as this is one of the projects they have selected for their 6th round of Sustainable Energy Project Support.