The Asian Regional Energy
Initiative of the IEI
IEI-Asia’s advocacy have been mainly for alternative ways to
meeting energy needs and for better planning methods to select
from among these routes.
Advocacy of alternative routes to meeting energy needs has
extended from promoting the already-available efficient devices
and renewable sources, to identifying and demonstrating
unconventional waste-to-energy options.
For planning, we have been promoting integrated resource planning
(IRP) methods – through which cost-effective supply- and
demand-side measures compete for selection towards meeting the
demand-side gaps. While IRP methods had been developed earlier in
the US, we attempted simplification through
Integrated electricity planning:
In the 1990s’ and early 2000s’, our focus was on the power
sector. IRP methods were recommended for locating options towards
bridging the energy/power shortages. Several
were made for decision makers at the central and state levels in
India, and for personnel of utilities and other development
organizations in India and other Asian countries. In particular,
we explained how development-focused end-use-oriented
service-directed (“defendus”) scenarios could be
drawn up and the costs of
alternatives compared on a level field. For illustration,
comparisons were made between generation-plants under construction
Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs):
Based on our assessments of PPAs, cases with unfavourable terms
were brought to the public [example].
As restructuring of the power sector took place in India, consumer
feedback was enabled; efforts were therefore made to enable more
effective public participation, through articles as well as
workshops for representatives of groups from civil society and
not-for-profit organizations [example].
Later, the effects of restructuring led us to revisiting IRP; the
continued possibilities for deriving benefits [publication],
the scope for integrated planning methods in India [report],
and the barriers that could inhibit distributing utilities from
such planning [publication]
were studied and publicized.
efficiency, conserving energy
To advocate and popularize the use of energy-efficient devices,
several booklets were prepared. As explained in the
these focused on the most frequently-used electrically-powered
industrial devices (e.g. motors) and on replacing incandescent
bulbs (that were then the main lighting devices in use) with
To reduce the fuel required for transport (of both freight and
passengers), alternative transport-modes were evaluated; based on
this study, road to rail modal shifts were advocated [publication].
Alternative renewable energy sources
During the 1990s’, IEI-Asia advocated the use of solar power
through the publication of booklets at the popular level
(indicating the advantages of replacing other water-heating
methods by solar water-heaters) and workshops suggesting
larger-scale manufacture of such equipment.
“Waste” to energy:
IEI-Asia has been advocating the increased use of various types of
residues of regular economic activities as less-expensive
renewable sources of energy. (This work began before credits for
avoided carbon emissions became available).
The potential of cogeneration
(combined heat and power generation)
through bagasse was recommended, with a
in the state of Karnataka.
More recently, several cases of the use of farm residues for
energy generation have been demonstrated in villages of Karnataka
state. These include local production of biogas from the residues
of plantations and cattle-rearing, for use as clean cooking fuel
and for powering electricity generation. The increase of such
farm-based activities through efficient methods and the use of
their wastes for energy-generation are being advocated not only to
provide clean energy-services in regions where they are lacking,
but for environmental preservation as well as increased
International Science, Technology, and Innovation Centre for
South-South Cooperation (ISTIC) of UNESCO and the World Academy of
Sciences (TWAS) highlighted IEI-Asia’s model for sustainable
integrated rural development at their 2015 selection of “Innovations
in Science and Technology in Developing Countries”.
Efforts are now being made to replicate these integrated
“sustainable livelihood and clean energy” systems through the
preparation and publication of detailed handbooks [example]
and explanatory tutorials.