International Energy Initiative,
Asian Regional Energy Initiative,
80-B Spencer Road, 2nd Cross, Fraser Town,
Bangalore 560 005,

+91 80 2555 3563



The Asian Regional Energy Initiative of the IEI


IEI-Asia’s advocacy have been mainly for alternative ways to meeting energy needs and for better planning methods to select from among these routes.

Advocacy of alternative routes to meeting energy needs has extended from promoting the already-available efficient devices and renewable sources, to identifying and demonstrating unconventional waste-to-energy options.

For planning, we have been promoting integrated resource planning (IRP) methods – through which cost-effective supply- and demand-side measures compete for selection towards meeting the demand-side gaps.  While IRP methods had been developed earlier in the US, we attempted simplification through spreadsheet/worksheets.

 ·        Power Sector 

Integrated electricity planning: In the 1990s’ and early 2000s’, our focus was on the power sector.  IRP methods were recommended for locating options towards bridging the energy/power shortages.  Several presentations/discussions were made for decision makers at the central and state levels in India, and for personnel of utilities and other development organizations in India and other Asian countries.  In particular, we explained how development-focused end-use-oriented service-directed (“defendus”) scenarios could be drawn up and the costs of alternatives compared on a level field.  For illustration, comparisons were made between generation-plants under construction [example].

Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs): Based on our assessments of PPAs, cases with unfavourable terms were brought to the public [example].

Public participation: As restructuring of the power sector took place in India, consumer feedback was enabled; efforts were therefore made to enable more effective public participation, through articles as well as workshops for representatives of groups from civil society and not-for-profit organizations [example].

IRP re-visited: Later, the effects of restructuring led us to revisiting IRP; the continued possibilities for deriving benefits [publication], the scope for integrated planning methods in India [report], and the barriers that could inhibit distributing utilities from such planning [publication] were studied and publicized.

·        Improving efficiency, conserving energy

Electrically-powered devices: To advocate and popularize the use of energy-efficient devices, several booklets were prepared.  As explained in the Information section, these focused on the most frequently-used electrically-powered industrial devices (e.g. motors) and on replacing incandescent bulbs (that were then the main lighting devices in use) with fluorescents.

Transport: To reduce the fuel required for transport (of both freight and passengers), alternative transport-modes were evaluated; based on this study, road to rail modal shifts were advocated [publication].

·        Alternative renewable energy sources

Solar-power: During the 1990s’, IEI-Asia advocated the use of solar power through the publication of booklets at the popular level (indicating the advantages of replacing other water-heating methods by solar water-heaters) and workshops suggesting larger-scale manufacture of such equipment.

“Waste” to energy: IEI-Asia has been advocating the increased use of various types of residues of regular economic activities as less-expensive renewable sources of energy.  (This work began before credits for avoided carbon emissions became available).

The potential of cogeneration (combined heat and power generation) through bagasse was recommended, with a feasibility study at sugar mills in the state of Karnataka.

More recently, several cases of the use of farm residues for energy generation have been demonstrated in villages of Karnataka state.  These include local production of biogas from the residues of plantations and cattle-rearing, for use as clean cooking fuel and for powering electricity generation.  The increase of such farm-based activities through efficient methods and the use of their wastes for energy-generation are being advocated not only to provide clean energy-services in regions where they are lacking, but for environmental preservation as well as increased employment/income.

The International Science, Technology, and Innovation Centre for South-South Cooperation (ISTIC) of UNESCO and the World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) highlighted IEI-Asia’s model for sustainable integrated rural development at their 2015 selection of “Innovations in Science and Technology in Developing Countries”.

Efforts are now being made to replicate these integrated “sustainable livelihood and clean energy” systems through the preparation and publication of detailed handbooks [example] and explanatory tutorials.